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12

SHIPPING PRACTICE

chargeable at 2005., and a saving in freight would then be
made.

When the packer has sorted his goods for packing into
their nearest selection for rating purposes, he packs the
goods. Here again much money may be saved in the
method of packing. A great amount of goods exported are
now packed in tanks, which are stronger than cases, and
which may at port of destination be sold for a few shillings
thus regaining the cost of the packing.

If wooden cases are strengthened by battens, the case is
measured from the edge of the battens, making a few more
inches in size, and again producing an increase in freight
charges. Here the advantage is to have the cases banded
with iron, which, whilst being equally as strong as the
wood battens, does not increase the cubic space occupied.
With the considerable progress in development of carton
packing, the shipowner will soon be compelled to recognize
this as a standard form of packaging goods for export,
without an "insufficiently packed" clause on his bills of
lading,

Much space may be lost through irregular objects being
packed. An example of this is shown in the following
illustration—